As human populations expand, conflicts between humans and wildlife have increased exponentially, and up until recently, efforts to resolve such conflicts focused primarily on lethal population management including, but not limited to, methods such as culls with firearms, archery equipment, traps and toxicants. In the late 20th century, in response to human health and safety, animal welfare and environmental concerns associated with these traditional wildlife management practices, researchers began exploring the possibility of mitigating conflicts by using fertility control to manage wildlife populations.
The Dietrich W. Botstiber Foundation (DWBF) in partnership with The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) has established the Botstiber Institute for Wildlife Fertility Control (BIWFC). The Institute aims to advance the use of effective, sustainable fertility control methods to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts and promote coexistence worldwide. The Institute serves as a resource center for the field of wildlife fertility control by:
stimulating vital discussion, collaboration, and networking through events
supporting wildlife fertility control public policy and education projects
educating wildlife managers, policy makers and the public